Document Detail

Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for detecting and assessing ileal inflammation in Crohn's disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23289713     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)-MRI is of value in detecting and assessing inflammation of ileal Crohn's disease (CD) remains poorly investigated. AIM: To compare DWI-MR enterography (MRE) with conventional MRE in estimating inflammation in small bowel CD, to determine an apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) threshold to differentiate active from non-active lesions and to assess inter-observer agreement. METHODS: Thirty-one CD patients from the Clermont-Ferrand IBD unit with ileal involvement were consecutively and prospectively included between April and June 2011. All patients underwent DWI-MRI to detect the digestive segment with the most severe lesions, which was then used to calculate the ADC. Qualitative and quantitative results were compared with conventional MRE including MaRIA (Magnetic Resonance Index of Activity) score calculation and independent activity predictors (wall thickening, oedema, ulcers). Each examination was interpreted independently by two radiologists blinded for clinical assessment. RESULTS: Seventeen patients (54.8%) had active CD as defined by the MaRIA score ≥7. DWI hyperintensity was highly correlated with disease activity evaluated using conventional MRE (P = 0.001). Qualitative analysis of DW sequences determined sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value as 100%, 92.9%, 94.4% and 100% respectively. Quantitative analysis using a cut-off of 1.6 × 10(-3) mm²/s for ADC yielded sensitivity and specificity values of, respectively, 82.4% and 100%. Inter-observer agreement was high with regard to DWI hyperintensity (κ = 0.69, accuracy rate = 85.7%) and ADC (correlation = 0.74, P < 0.001, and concordance = 0.71, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: DWI-MR enterography is a well-tolerated, non-time-consuming and accurate tool for detecting and assessing inflammation in small bowel Crohn's disease.
A Buisson; A Joubert; P-F Montoriol; D D Ines; C Hordonneau; B Pereira; J-M Garcier; G Bommelaer; V Petitcolin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2036     ISO Abbreviation:  Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8707234     Medline TA:  Aliment Pharmacol Ther     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital Estaing of Clermont-Ferrand, Auvergne University, Clermont-Ferrand, France; Microbes, Intestine, Inflammation and Susceptibility of the Host, UMR Inserm/Auvergne University U1071, USC-INRA 2018, Clermont-Ferrand University, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
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