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Diffusion tensor imaging evaluation of white matter in adolescents with myelomeningocele and Chiari II malformation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21725712     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Macrostructural abnormalities in cerebral white matter in patients with myelomeningocele are well known, but microstructural abnormalities are not as well studied. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate cerebral white matter in adolescents with myelomeningocele using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and to investigate the effects of ventricular dilation and CSF shunt presence on white matter microstructure in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DTI and T1-weighted 3-D (T1-3-D) MRI were performed on nine adolescents with myelomeningocele and Chiari II malformation and nine age-matched controls. The fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) values were measured and compared. RESULTS: Significantly decreased FA and increased MD values were observed in most white matter regions and fibers in adolescents with myelomeningocele compared to controls. Further analysis in patients revealed significant changes in DTI parameters in hemispheres with enlarged lateral ventricles compared to those with normal ventricle size. In addition, a significant difference in FA values in the posterior limb of the internal capsule was found in the comparison of hemispheres in patients with or without CSF shunt catheters. CONCLUSION: This study revealed widespread microstructural abnormalities in white matter in adolescents with myelomeningocele and Chiari II malformation. Ventricular dilation may have additional effects on white matter microstructure in this patient population. CSF shunt diversion effects on white matter may be multifactorial and need further investigation.
Authors:
Xiawei Ou; Charles M Glasier; Jeffrey H Snow
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric radiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1998     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0365332     Medline TA:  Pediatr Radiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Radiology, Arkansas Children's Hospital, Slot 105, Little Rock, AR, 72202, USA, ouxiawei@uams.edu.
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