Document Detail


Diffusion of Complete Streets Policies Across US Communities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23529062     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
CONTEXT: : Complete Streets policies guide planning in communities by making the transportation system accommodating to all users including vehicle drivers, pedestrians, and bicyclists, as well as those using public transportation. While the number of Complete Streets policies has increased over the past decade, no research has explored the factors attributing to the widespread diffusion of these policies.
OBJECTIVE: : The purpose of this study was to apply concepts of the Diffusion of Innovation Theory to data related to Complete Streets policies in order to identify potential patterns and correlates.
METHODS: : The main outcome of this study was policy adoption. Using the Diffusion of Innovation Theory and results from previous literature, we identified several factors that had the potential to affect the rate of Complete Streets policy diffusion: rural/urban status, state obesity rate, state funding for transportation, state obesity prevention funding, percentage of people who walk or bike to work in the state, presence of a state Complete Streets policy, and the number of bordering communities with Complete Streets policy. We used event history analysis as the main analysis method.
RESULTS: : Data from 49 community-level policies were analyzed, with a "community" defined as a city, a county, or a regional/Metropolitan Planning Organization. Three variables were significant predictors of Complete Streets policy adoption: state obesity rate (odds ratio [OR] = 1.465; confidence interval [CI] = 1.10-1.96) percentage of people who bike or walk to work in the state (OR = 1.726; CI = 1.069-2.79), and presence of a border community with a Complete Streets policy (OR = 3.859; CI = 1.084-13.742).
CONCLUSION: : Communities with Complete Streets policies varied in geographic and sociodemographic factors. Information about communities that are more likely to adopt a policy can be a tool for advocates and policy makers interested in this topic. Because adoption does not imply implementation, further research is needed to study outcomes of Complete Streets policies.
Authors:
Sarah Moreland-Russell; Amy Eyler; Colleen Barbero; J Aaron Hipp; Heidi Walsh
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of public health management and practice : JPHMP     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1550-5022     ISO Abbreviation:  J Public Health Manag Pract     Publication Date:    2013 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9505213     Medline TA:  J Public Health Manag Pract     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S89-96     Citation Subset:  T    
Affiliation:
Center for Public Health Systems Science (Dr Moreland-Russell and Mss Barbero and Walsh), George Warren Brown School of Social Work (Drs Eyler and Hipp), Washington University in St Louis.
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