Document Detail


Differentiation of visibility and alcohol as contributors to twilight road fatalities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8976629     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Elevated road fatality rates at night involve multiple variables, each of which contributes to an unknown degree. In order to determine the relative contributions of reduced visibility and drivers' consumption of alcohol, we performed two quasi-experiments analyzing data recorded by the U.S. Fatal Accident Reporting System from 1980 through 1990. The results confirmed that both variables play a major role in nighttime road fatalities and revealed new evidence that they contribute differentially to two classes of fatal collisions: Degraded visibility in low illumination is associated primarily with collisions involving pedestrians and pedalcyclists, whereas drivers' consumption of alcohol plays a larger role in other fatal collisions.
Authors:
D A Owens; M Sivak
Related Documents :
17428259 - Association of maternal fat and alcohol intake with maternal and umbilical hormone leve...
19916739 - Maternal respiratory sensitization and gestational allergen exposure does not affect su...
8638459 - The hazards of reproduction in space.
12005279 - Evidence-based assessment of pregnancy outcome after sumatriptan exposure.
23747129 - Trophoblast invasion and oxygenation of the placenta: measurements versus presumptions.
7218129 - An mmpi typology of male alcoholics: admission, discharge and outcome comparisons.
12428669 - Effect of oxytocin treatment in sows on umbilical cord morphology, meconium staining, a...
7990789 - Neurologic disorders of pregnancy. connective tissue disorders.
434019 - Mechanism of failed labor after fetal death and its treatment with prostaglandin e2.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human factors     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0018-7208     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum Factors     Publication Date:  1996 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-02-10     Completed Date:  1997-02-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374660     Medline TA:  Hum Factors     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  680-9     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17604-3003, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / mortality*,  prevention & control
Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*
Case-Control Studies
Humans
Lighting*
Seasons
United States
Weather

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Keyboard reaction force and finger flexor electromyograms during computer keyboard work.
Next Document:  Aurally aided visual search under virtual and free-field listening conditions.