Document Detail

Differentiation of visibility and alcohol as contributors to twilight road fatalities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8976629     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Elevated road fatality rates at night involve multiple variables, each of which contributes to an unknown degree. In order to determine the relative contributions of reduced visibility and drivers' consumption of alcohol, we performed two quasi-experiments analyzing data recorded by the U.S. Fatal Accident Reporting System from 1980 through 1990. The results confirmed that both variables play a major role in nighttime road fatalities and revealed new evidence that they contribute differentially to two classes of fatal collisions: Degraded visibility in low illumination is associated primarily with collisions involving pedestrians and pedalcyclists, whereas drivers' consumption of alcohol plays a larger role in other fatal collisions.
D A Owens; M Sivak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human factors     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0018-7208     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum Factors     Publication Date:  1996 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-02-10     Completed Date:  1997-02-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374660     Medline TA:  Hum Factors     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  680-9     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17604-3003, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Accidents, Traffic / mortality*,  prevention & control
Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*
Case-Control Studies
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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