Document Detail

Differential regulations of blood pressure and perturbed metabolism by total ginsenosides and conventional antihypertensive agents in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20686518     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To investigate the regulatory effects of total ginsenosides and the conventional antihypertensive agents (captopril, amlodipine, terazosin and hydrochlorothiazide) on the blood pressure and perturbed metabolism in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and to analyze the cause-effect relationships between high blood pressure and the metabolic disorders of hypertension.
METHODS: SHRs were administrated with total ginsenosides or the antihypertensive agents for eight weeks. Systolic blood pressure (SP) was measured every week and low-molecular-weight compounds in blood plasma were quantitatively analyzed using a nontargeted high-throughput metabolomic tool: gas chromatography/time of flight mass spectrometry (GC/TOFMS) . The metabolic patterns were evaluated using principal components analysis and potential markers of hypertension were identified.
RESULTS: Total ginsenosides and the antihypertensive agents differentially regulated SP and the metabolic pattern in SHRs. Total ginsenosides caused a progressive and prolonged reduction of SP and markedly normalized the perturbed metabolism with 14 of 27 (51.8%) markers of hypertension which were regulated toward normal. Total ginsenosides also reduced free fatty acids' level toward normal levels. In contrast, captopril, amlodipine and terazosin efficiently depressed SP, but had little effect on metabolic perturbation with only 8 (29.6%), 4 (14.8%), and 4 (14.8%) markers, respectively, which were regulated.
CONCLUSION: The metabolic changes persisted when the blood pressure was lowered by the conventional antihypertensive agents, suggesting that hypertension may not be the cause of the metabolic perturbation in SHRs.
Ji-ye Aa; Guang-ji Wang; Hai-ping Hao; Qing Huang; Yi-hong Lu; Bei Yan; Wei-bin Zha; Lin-sheng Liu; An Kang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta pharmacologica Sinica     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1745-7254     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Pharmacol. Sin.     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-05     Completed Date:  2010-11-12     Revised Date:  2014-09-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100956087     Medline TA:  Acta Pharmacol Sin     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  930-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Antihypertensive Agents / pharmacology*
Blood Pressure / drug effects*
Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / metabolism
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry / methods
Ginsenosides / pharmacology*
Hypertension / drug therapy*,  physiopathology
Rats, Inbred SHR
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antihypertensive Agents; 0/Fatty Acids, Nonesterified; 0/Ginsenosides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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