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Differential regulation of MMP7 in colon cancer cells resistant and sensitive to oxaliplatin-induced cell death.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20980803     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Background: We have previously shown that metalloproteinase 7 (MMP7) expression is increased during the acquisition of resistance to oxaliplatin in colon cancer cells. Now we have analyzed the implication of β-catenin and EGFR pathways in the up-regulation of MMP7 in the oxaliplatin-resistant human colon cancer cell lines RHT29 and RHCT116 p53-/-, derived from the HT29 and HCT116 p53-/- cells, respectively. Results: Oxaliplatin treatment increased EGFR expression and induced its activation in all the cell lines. However, β-catenin mRNA was only upregulated in the HT29 and RHT29 cells, with a marked increase in the nuclear/cytoplasmic β-catenin protein ratio in the oxaliplatin-resistant RHT29 cells. To determine the contribution of β-catenin and EGFR to the expression of MMP7 we performed siRNA experiments. β-catenin abrogation only prevented the induction of MMP7 by oxaliplatin in HT29 and RHT29 cells. Accordingly, viability of oxaliplatin-treated RHT29 cells under β-catenin silencing was decreased. On the other hand, EGFR siRNA induced contradictory effects, decreasing PEA3 and MMP7 expression in control and oxaliplatin-treated RHCT116 p53-/- cells but increasing basal- and oxaliplatin-induced PEA3 and MMP7 in the HT29 and RHT29 cells. Conclusions: Oxaliplatin-induced MMP7 up-regulation is differentially achieved in colon cancer cell lines, as a result of EGFR and β-catenin cross-talk on MMP7 gene transcription. Taken together, our results point out the disparity of effects that β-catenin and EGFR blocking therapeutic strategies may exert on MMP7 expression depending on the cellular context and remark the importance of a better knowledge of MMP7 regulation to improve chemotherapy effectiveness in colon cancer.
Elisabet Ametller; Susana García-Recio; Eva-María Pastor-Arroyo; Gerard Callejo; Neus Carbó; Pedro Gascón; Vanessa Almendro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-01-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cancer biology & therapy     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1555-8576     ISO Abbreviation:  Cancer Biol. Ther.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137842     Medline TA:  Cancer Biol Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Universitat de Barcelona, Spain.
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