Document Detail

Differential progression of complex culprit stenoses in patients with stable and unstable angina pectoris.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8772745     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the evolution of complex culprit stenoses in patients with stable and those with unstable angina pectoris. BACKGROUND: Complex coronary stenoses are associated with adverse clinical and angiographic outcomes. However, it is not known whether the evolution of complex stenoses differs in unstable angina versus stable angina pectoris. METHODS: We prospectively assessed stenosis progression in 95 patients with unstable angina whose angina stabilized with medical therapy (Group 1) and 200 patients presenting with stable angina (Group 2). After diagnostic angiography, all patients were placed on a waiting list for coronary angioplasty and restudied at 8 +/- 4 (mean +/- SD) months later. In each patient the presumed culprit stenosis was identified and classified as complex (irregular borders, overhanging edges or thrombus) or smooth (absence of complex features). Stenosis progression, as assessed by computerized angiography, was defined as > or = 20% diameter reduction or new total occlusion. RESULTS: At the first angiogram, 364 stenoses > or = 50% and 383 stenoses < 50% were identified. At restudy, 36 (15%) of 236 stenoses progressed in 29 Group 1 patients and 36 (7%) of 502 stenoses in 31 Group 2 patients (p = 0.001). Forty-five (88%) of 51 stenoses > or = 50% and 6 (29%) of 21 stenoses < 50% that progressed developed to total coronary occlusion (p = 0.001). More culprit stenoses progressed in Group 1 than in Group 2 (p = 0.006), whereas progression of nonculprit stenoses was not significantly different in both groups. Culprit complex stenoses progressed more frequently in Group 1 than in Group 2 (p = 0.01). During follow-up, 3 patients died (myocardial infarction), and 51 had a nonfatal coronary event. Culprit stenoses progressed in 15 (54%) of the 28 patients with a nonfatal coronary event in Group 1 and in 9 (39%) of 23 patients in Group 2 (p = NS). Complex morphology (p < 0.001) and unstable angina at initial presentation (p < 0.01) were predictive factors for progression of culprit stenoses. CONCLUSIONS: A larger proportion of culprit complex stenoses progress in unstable angina than stable angina, and this is frequently associated with recurrence of coronary events.
L Chen; M R Chester; R Crook; J C Kaski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1996 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-10-03     Completed Date:  1996-10-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  597-603     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Cardiological Sciences, St. George's Hospital Medical School, London, England, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Angina Pectoris / pathology*,  radiography
Angina, Unstable / pathology,  radiography
Constriction, Pathologic
Coronary Angiography
Coronary Vessels / pathology*
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / pathology
Prospective Studies
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors

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