Document Detail

Differential processing of mammalian L-histidine decarboxylase enzymes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24508257     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
In the mammalian species studied so far, the L-histidine decarboxylase (HDC) enzyme responsible for histamine biosynthesis has been shown to undergo post-translational processing. The processing is best characterized for the mouse enzyme, where di-asparate DD motifs mediate the production of active ∼55kDa and ∼60kDa isoforms from the ∼74kDa precursor in a caspase-9 dependent manner. The identification of conserved di-aspartate motifs at similar locations in the rat and human HDC protein sequences has led to proposals that these may represent important processing sites in these species also. Here we used transfected Cos7 cells to demonstrate that the rat and human HDC proteins undergo differential processing compared to each other, and found no evidence to suggest that conserved di-aspartate motifs are required absolutely for processing in this cell type. Instead we identified SKD and EEAPD motifs that are important for caspase-6 dependent production of ∼54kDa and ∼59kDa isoforms in the rat and human proteins respectively. The addition of staurosporine, which is known to pharmacologically activate caspase enzymes, increased processing of the human HDC protein. We propose that caspase-dependent processing is a conserved feature of mammalian HDC enzymes, but that proteolysis may involve different enzymes and occur at diverse sites and sequence.
Lilian M Fennell; John V Fleming
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochemical and biophysical research communications     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1090-2104     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-2-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372516     Medline TA:  Biochem Biophys Res Commun     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.
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