Document Detail


Differential leucocyte responses to various degrees of food restriction in broilers, turkeys and ducks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1571802     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. White blood cell responses of broilers, turkeys and ducks were examined at regular intervals after being subjected to various degrees of food restriction. 2. Restricted-fed broilers showed increases in heterophil and basophil numbers, together with a corresponding decrease in lymphocytes. The heterophil/lymphocyte ratio was raised. There were no differences between broiler strains. 3. After only one week of feeding restricted diets, heterophils were significantly raised in selected and unselected 2-week-old ducks. At 21 weeks of age, those ducks receiving 50% of food required to achieve their ad libitum-fed body weight had raised heterophils. 4. Ducks receiving food to achieve 25% of ad libitum-fed birds produced a marked basophilia, but no heterophilia. 5. After two weeks of food restriction, turkeys responded with significant heterophil/lymphocyte ratios following two degrees of restricted feeding. 6. It was concluded that in some poultry, a heterophilia may be the response to mild to moderate stress but a basophilia may result after severely stressing birds.
Authors:
M H Maxwell; P M Hocking; G W Robertson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British poultry science     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0007-1668     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  1992 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-05-29     Completed Date:  1992-05-29     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15740290R     Medline TA:  Br Poult Sci     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  177-87     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
AFRC Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics, Edinburgh Research Station, Roslin, Midlothian, Scotland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Body Weight
Chickens / blood,  immunology*
Ducks / blood,  immunology*
Female
Food Deprivation / physiology*
Leukocyte Count / veterinary
Leukocytes / cytology*
Male
Turkeys / blood,  immunology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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