Document Detail

Differential gene expression in the rat hippocampus during learning of an operant conditioning task.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19632308     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Changes in transcription levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) response element binding (CREB), Synapsin I, Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CamKII), activity-regulated cytoskeleton-associated protein (Arc), c-jun and c-fos have been associated to several learning paradigms in different brain areas. In this study, we measured mRNA expression in the hippocampus by real time (RT)-PCR mRNA levels of BDNF, CREB, Synapsin I, CamKII, Arc, c-jun and c-fos, during learning and operant conditioning task. Experimental groups were as follows: control (C, the animals never left the bioterium), when the animals reached 50-65% of the expected response (Incompletely Trained, IT), when animals reached 100% of the expected response with a latency time lower than 5 s (Trained, Tr), Box Control of Incompletely Trained (BCIT), animals spent the same time as the IT in the operant conditioning box and Box Control of Trained (BCTr) animals spent the same time as the Tr in the operant conditioning box. All rats were killed at the same time by cervical dislocation 15 min after training and hippocampi were removed and processed. We found increments of mRNA levels of most genes (BDNF, CREB, Synapsin I, Arc, c-jun and c-fos) in IT and Tr groups compared to their box controls, but increments in Tr were smaller compared with IT. These results describe a differential gene expression in the rat hippocampus when the animals are learning and when animals have already learned. Taking together the results presented herein with the known functions of these genes, we propose a link between changes in gene expression in the hippocampus and different degrees of cellular activation and plasticity during learning of an operant conditioning task.
M Rapanelli; L R Frick; B S Zanutto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-07-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuroscience     Volume:  163     ISSN:  1873-7544     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuroscience     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-12     Completed Date:  2010-02-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605074     Medline TA:  Neuroscience     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1031-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
IBYME-CONICET, Laboratorio de Biologia del Comportamiento, Vuelta de Obligado 2490, Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
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MeSH Terms
Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor / genetics,  metabolism
Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2 / genetics,  metabolism
Conditioning, Operant / physiology*
Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein / genetics,  metabolism
Cytoskeletal Proteins / genetics,  metabolism
Gene Expression
Hippocampus / physiology*
Learning / physiology*
Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics,  metabolism
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos / genetics,  metabolism
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun / genetics,  metabolism
RNA, Messenger / metabolism
Rats, Long-Evans
Synapsins / genetics,  metabolism
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor; 0/CREB1 protein, rat; 0/Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein; 0/Cytoskeletal Proteins; 0/Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0/Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos; 0/Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun; 0/RNA, Messenger; 0/Synapsins; 0/activity regulated cytoskeletal-associated protein; EC Protein Kinase Type 2

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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