Document Detail

Differential effects of water-based exercise on the cognitive function in independent elderly adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24965855     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise has been reported to be the most effective method to improve cognitive function and brain health, but there is as yet no research on the effect of water-based exercise.
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of water-based exercise with and without cognitive stimuli on cognitive and physical functions.
METHODS: The design is a single-blind randomized controlled study. Twenty-one participants were randomly assigned to a normal water-based exercise (Nor-WE) group or a cognitive water-based exercise (Cog-WE) group. The exercise sessions were divided into two exercise series: a 10-min series of land-based warm-up, consisting of flexibility exercises, and a 50-min series of exercises in water. The Nor-WE consisted of 10 min of walking, 30 min of strength and stepping exercise, including stride over, and 10 min of stretching and relaxation in water. The Cog-WE consisted of 10 min of walking, 30 min of water-cognitive exercises, and 10 min of stretching and relaxation in water. Cognitive function, physical function, and ADL were measured before the exercise intervention (pre-intervention) and 10 weeks after the intervention (post-intervention).
RESULTS: Participation in the Cog-WE performed significantly better on the pegboard test and the choice stepping reaction test and showed a significantly improved attention, memory, and learning, and in the general cognitive function (measured as the total score in the 5-Cog test). Participation in the Nor-WE dramatically improved walking ability and lower limb muscle strength.
CONCLUSION: Our results reveal that the benefits elderly adults may obtain from water-based exercise depend on the characteristics of each specific exercise program. These findings highlight the importance of prescription for personalized water-based exercises to elderly adults to improve cognitive function.
Daisuke Sato; Chihiro Seko; Tatsuya Hashitomi; Yasuo Sengoku; Takeo Nomura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Aging clinical and experimental research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1720-8319     ISO Abbreviation:  Aging Clin Exp Res     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101132995     Medline TA:  Aging Clin Exp Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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