Document Detail


Differential effects of isoflurane/nitrous oxide on posterior tibial somatosensory evoked responses of cortical and subcortical origin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3414996     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Posterior tibial somatosensory evoked responses (SSERs) were recorded during administration of isoflurane and nitrous oxide. Responses arising from cortical and subcortical neural generators were examined to compare their relative resistance to anesthetic-related degradation. Recordings were performed in ten adults during anesthesia with 0.5 MAC isoflurane/60% N2O, 1.0 MAC isoflurane/60% N2O, and 1.5 MAC isoflurane/60% N2O. Thereafter, N2O was omitted and recordings were repeated during anesthesia with 1.5 and 1.0 MAC isoflurane/O2. Isoflurane resulted in a significant (P less than 0.001) dose-related decrease in the amplitude of cortical waveforms. The amplitude loss was substantial; e.g., for the first cortical waveform, amplitude decreased from 1.21 +/- 0.67 microV during 0.5 MAC isoflurane/N2O to 0.28 +/- 0.29 microV during 1.5 MAC/N2O. Elimination of N2O resulted in an increase in amplitude of approximately 100% (P less than 0.04). By contrast, the amplitude of the subcortical response as recorded in vertex to linked mastoid and vertex to upper cervical spine derivations was not significantly altered by changing concentrations of isoflurane or N2O. The results suggest that subcortical SSERs may be preferable to those of cortical origin for spinal cord monitoring in situations where isoflurane and nitrous oxide, especially in varying concentrations, are the primary anesthetic agents.
Authors:
D E Wolfe; J C Drummond
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anesthesia and analgesia     Volume:  67     ISSN:  0003-2999     ISO Abbreviation:  Anesth. Analg.     Publication Date:  1988 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-09-26     Completed Date:  1988-09-26     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1310650     Medline TA:  Anesth Analg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  852-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology, Veterans' Administration Medical Center, La Jolla, California.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Brain / drug effects
Cerebral Cortex / drug effects,  physiology
Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory / drug effects*
Humans
Isoflurane / pharmacology*
Nitrous Oxide / pharmacology*
Tibial Nerve / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
10024-97-2/Nitrous Oxide; 26675-46-7/Isoflurane

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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