Document Detail


Differential effects of endurance and resistance training on central fatigue.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18569560     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of long-term endurance and resistance training on central fatigue has been studied using transcranial magnetic stimulation by exercising the biceps brachii to exhaustion and recording motor-evoked potentials from the non-exercised homologous biceps. Three groups of eight healthy individuals took part: two groups of individuals who had more than 8 years of athletic training in either an endurance or resistance sport, and a group of controls. The size of a motor-evoked potential (area of averaged rectified response) was significantly depressed in all three groups in the non-exercised arm after exhaustive exercise of the opposite arm. Recovery of motor-evoked potentials occurred earlier in endurance athletes (20 min) than in control participants (30 min) and resistance athletes (>30 min). Dexterity and maximum voluntary contraction of the biceps for the non-exercised arm were not depressed in any group. In a separate session, the limit of endurance time for the biceps was reduced significantly following exhaustive exercise of the biceps of the other arm for resistance athletes and control participants, whereas there was no change in the endurance athletes. Our findings suggest that athletic training has an effect on the mechanism of central fatigue that may be specific to the nature of training.
Authors:
Simon Triscott; James Gordon; Annapoorna Kuppuswamy; Nicolas King; Nick Davey; Peter Ellaway
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of sports sciences     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0264-0414     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sports Sci     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-23     Completed Date:  2008-11-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8405364     Medline TA:  J Sports Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  941-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Imperial College London, London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Arm
Electromyography
Evoked Potentials, Motor / physiology
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Muscle Fatigue / physiology*
Physical Education and Training / methods*
Physical Endurance / physiology*
Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation*
Weight Lifting / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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