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Differential effect of CD69 targeting on bystander and antigen-specific T cell proliferation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22544938     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
In spite of an initially proposed role as a costimulatory molecule for CD69, in vivo studies showed it as a regulator of immune responses and lymphocyte egress. We found constitutive CD69 expression by T cell subsets and pDC. We examined a possible effect of CD69 on T cell proliferation using transfer models and in vitro assays. In mice locally expressing or receiving antigen, anti-CD692.2 treatment did not affect the proliferation of antigen-specific transgenic T cells in ADLN, although we observed the presence of proliferated T cells in non-ADLN and spleen. This was not affected by FTY720 treatment and thus, not contributed by increased egress of proliferated lymphocytes from ADLN. In the absence of antigen, anti-CD69 2.2 treatment induced bystander proliferation of transferred memory phenotype T cells. This proliferation was mediated by IL-2, as it was inhibited by anti-IL-2 or anti-CD25 antibodies in vitro and by anti-CD25 antibodies in vivo. It was also dependent on CD69 expression by donor T cells and recipient cells. CD69 targeting on T cells enhanced IL-2-mediated proliferation and CD25 expression. However, it did not lead to increased early IL-2 production by T cells. No T cell subset was found to be specifically required in the recipient. Instead, CD69 targeting on pDC induced their expression of IL-2 and CD25, and pDC depletion showed that this subset was involved in the proliferation induction. These results indicate that CD69 targeting induces bystander T cell proliferation through pDC IL-2 production and T cell sensitization to IL-2 without affecting antigen-driven T cell proliferation.
Elisenda Alari-Pahissa; Javier Vega-Ramos; Jian-Guo Zhang; A Raúl Castaño; Shannon J Turley; José A Villadangos; Pilar Lauzurica
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of leukocyte biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1938-3673     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8405628     Medline TA:  J Leukoc Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
*Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain;
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