Document Detail

Differential cytotoxic properties of drugs used for intra-articular injection on human chondrocytes: An experimental in-vitro study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25275343     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular injection of local anaesthetics, opioids and corticosteroids is frequently used to obtain perioperative analgesia following joint surgery. Although local anaesthetics were shown to induce chondrotoxicity, the safety profile regarding chondrotoxicity of other injected drugs is less clear.
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate cytotoxicity of drugs used for intra-articular analgesia.
DESIGN: An experimental in-vitro study.
SETTING: Hannover Medical School, science laboratory, 2013.
MATERIAL: Human cartilage cell line T/C 28-a2.
INTERVENTION: Incubation of cells with different concentrations of bupivacaine, s-ketamine, morphine and dexamethasone for 1 h.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Fraction of Annexin V positive and Annexin V and propidium iodide double positive cells after 1 h of incubation with tested drug measured by flow cytometry.
RESULTS: Both morphine (0.1 to 10 μmol l) and dexamethasone (10 to 1000 μmol/l) failed to induce cytotoxicity after 1 h of exposure. The previously reported chondrotoxicity of bupivacaine (10 to 500 μmol l or 2.8 to 140 μg ml) was confirmed by a concentration-dependent increased staining with Annexin V and propidium iodide. Exposure to S-ketamine (10 to 500 μmol l) induced a significant late apoptotic and necrotic cell fraction at 10 μmol l or 2.4 μg ml. Concentrations of 100 and 500 μmol l induced a significant increase in early apoptotic cells.
CONCLUSION: Morphine and dexamethasone showed no cytotoxic effects in our study and might thus be better alternatives to the clinically frequently applied bupivacaine. S-ketamine induced an intensive dose-dependent cytotoxic effect and should probably be avoided for intra-articular injection.
Thomas Stueber; Jan Karsten; Carsten Stoetzer; Andreas Leffler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of anaesthesiology     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1365-2346     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Anaesthesiol     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-10-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8411711     Medline TA:  Eur J Anaesthesiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  640-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
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