Document Detail

Differential activation of motor units in the wrist extensor muscles during the tonic vibration reflex in man.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1822565     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
1. Single motor unit activity was recorded in the extensor carpi radialis longus and extensor carpi radialis brevis muscles of five healthy human subjects, using metal microelectrodes. 2. Motor units were characterized on the basis of their twitch contraction times and their force recruitment thresholds during voluntary imposed-ramp contractions. 3. The discharge patterns of forty-three motor units were studied during tonic vibration reflex elicited by prolonged (150 s) trains of vibration (30 Hz) applied to the distal tendons of the muscles. The temporal relationships between the individual small tendon taps of the vibratory stimulus and the motor unit impulses were analysed on dot raster displays and post-stimulus time histograms. 4. After tendon taps, the impulses of motor units with long twitch contraction times (mean +/- S.D., 47.2 +/- 10.7 ms) and low recruitment thresholds (0.88 +/- 0.6 N) formed a single narrow peak (P1) with a latency (22.7 +/- 1.4 ms) which was comparable to that of the tendon jerk in the extensor carpi radialis muscles. These motor units were named 'P1 units'. On the other hand, the response of motor units with shorter twitch contraction times (31.1 +/- 3.3 ms) and higher recruitment thresholds (3.21 +/- 1.3 N) showed two peaks: a short latency (23.4 +/- 1.3 ms) P1 peak similar to the previous one and a P2 peak occurring 9.4 +/- 1.2 ms later. These motor units were named 'P1-P2 units'. 5. When the reflex contraction increased slowly, the P1 peaks of 'P1-P2 units' were clearly predominant at the beginning of the contraction, during the rising phase of the motor unit discharge frequency, while the P2 peaks became predominant when the units had reached their maximal discharge frequency. 6. Increasing the tendon vibration frequency (35, 55, 75, 95 Hz) did not modify the 'P1 unit' discharge pattern. Due to interference between vibration period and peak latencies, increasing the vibration frequency caused the P1 and P2 peaks of 'P1-P2 units' to overlap. 7. Superficial cutaneous stimulation of the dorsal side of the forearm during tendon vibration noticeably decreased the P1 peaks in both types of motor units. In the P2 peaks it could result in either a decrease or an increase but the average effect was a slight increase. 8. When applied 10 s before tendon vibration, cutaneous stimulation considerably suppressed the tonic vibration reflex.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
P Romaiguère; J P Vedel; J P Azulay; S Pagni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of physiology     Volume:  444     ISSN:  0022-3751     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Physiol. (Lond.)     Publication Date:  1991 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-08-31     Completed Date:  1992-08-31     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0266262     Medline TA:  J Physiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  645-67     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratoire de Neurosciences Fonctionnelles U3, CNRS, Marseille, France.
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MeSH Terms
Muscle Contraction / physiology
Muscles / physiology*
Reflex / physiology*
Reflex, Monosynaptic / physiology
Tendons / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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