Document Detail


Differential Pattern of Functional Brain Plasticity after Compassion and Empathy Training.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23576808     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although empathy is crucial for successful social interactions, excessive sharing of others' negative emotions may be maladaptive and constitute a source of burnout. To investigate functional neural plasticity underlying the augmentation of empathy and to test the counteracting potential of compassion, one group of participants was first trained in empathic resonance and subsequently in compassion. In response to videos depicting human suffering, empathy training, but not memory training (control group), increased negative affect and brain activations in anterior insula and anterior midcingulate cortex - brain regions previously associated with empathy for pain. In contrast, subsequent compassion training could reverse the increase in negative effect and, by contrast, augment self-reports of positive affect. In addition, compassion training increased activations in a non-overlapping brain network spanning ventral striatum, pregenual anterior cingulate cortex, and medial orbitofrontal cortex. We conclude that training compassion may reflect a new coping strategy to overcome empathic distress and strengthen resilience.
Authors:
Olga M Klimecki; Susanne Leiberg; Matthieu Ricard; Tania Singer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social cognitive and affective neuroscience     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1749-5024     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101288795     Medline TA:  Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Centre Interfacultaire en Sciences Affectives 7, rue des Battoirs, CH-1205 Genéve, Tel: +41 22 379 98 55, Fax: +41 22 379 98 44, olga.klimecki@unige.ch.
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