Document Detail

Differential heart rate dynamics in transient left ventricular apical and midventricular ballooning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20817016     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess potential differences in cardiac autonomic nervous modulation in patients with transient left ventricular apical ballooning syndrome (AB) and the midventricular variant (MB) of this syndrome.
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that differences in regional distribution of cardiac autonomic innervation in AB and MB may induce alterations in autonomic modulation, and we tested this assumption by using a combination of traditional and novel nonlinear parameters of heart rate variability (HRV).
METHODS: In a prospective single-center study, 49 consecutive patients with transient left ventricular dysfunction syndrome underwent Holter electrocardiographic recording on the third day after admission. A total of 27 recordings of patients with AB and 10 recordings of patients with MB were valid for analysis of HRV, nonlinear dynamic measures of HRV, detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA), and phase-rectified signal averaging (PRSA).
RESULTS: There were no significant differences in baseline clinical characteristics between AB and MB patients. Patients with MB showed significantly lower values for mean RR interval (835 ± 104 ms vs. 908 ± 118 ms; P < .05), 1/f power law slope (-1.28 ± 0.2 vs. -1.13 ± 0.2; P < .01), and deceleration capacity (DC) (4.6 ± 1.4 ms vs. 6.0 ± 1.4 ms; P < .01), and significantly higher values for low-frequency (LF) spectral component (5.3 ± 0.5 ln ms(2)/Hz vs. 4.8 ± 0.5 ln ms(2)/Hz), LF/high-frequency (HF) (1.7 ± 0.9 ms vs. 1.3 ± 0.6 ms; P < .05), and DFA α1 (1.09 ± 0.1 vs. 0.99 ± 0.1; P < .01) than patients with AB. There were no significant correlations between parameters of HRV, DFA, 1/f power law slope, and PRSA.
CONCLUSION: There are significant differences in heart rate dynamics between AB and MB syndromes. Patients with MB show stronger fractal correlations of heart rate dynamics. Thus, inhomogeneous efferent bilateral sympathetic coactivation and differences in reflex autonomic regulation may be underlying pathophysiological mechanisms for AB and MB syndromes.
Hendrik Bonnemeier; Thomas Demming; Britta Weidtmann; Jasmin Ortak; Christof Burgdorf; Michael Reppel; Wanda Mäuser; Mark Rosenberg; Norbert Frey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Heart rhythm : the official journal of the Heart Rhythm Society     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1556-3871     ISO Abbreviation:  Heart Rhythm     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101200317     Medline TA:  Heart Rhythm     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1825-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Heart Rhythm Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Kardiologie und Angiologie, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany.
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Comment In:
Heart Rhythm. 2010 Dec;7(12):1833-4   [PMID:  20868775 ]

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