Document Detail

Different risk factors influence peptic ulcer disease development in a Brazilian population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23082057     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To investigate age, sex, histopathology and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) status, as risk factors for gastroduodenal disease outcome in Brazilian dyspeptic patients.
METHODS: From all 1466 consecutive dyspeptic patients submitted to upper gastroscopy at Hospital das Clinicas of Marilia, antral biopsy specimens were obtained and subjected to histopathology and H. pylori diagnosis. All patients presenting chronic gastritis (CG) and peptic ulcer (PU) disease localized in the stomach, gastric ulcer (GU) and/or duodenal ulcer (DU) were included in the study. Gastric biopsies (n = 668) positive for H. pylori by rapid urease test were investigated for vacuolating cytotoxin A (vacA) medium (m) region mosaicism by polymerase chain reaction. Logistic regression analysis was performed to verify the association of age, sex, histopathologic alterations, H. pylori diagnosis and vacA m region mosaicism with the incidence of DU, GU and CG in patients.
RESULTS: Of 1466 patients submitted to endoscopy, 1060 (72.3%) presented CG [male/female = 506/554; mean age (year) ± SD = 51.2 ± 17.81], 88 (6.0%) presented DU [male/female = 54/34; mean age (year) ± SD = 51.4 ± 17.14], and 75 (5.1%) presented GU [male/female = 54/21; mean age (year) ± SD = 51.3 ± 17.12] and were included in the comparative analysis. Sex and age showed no detectable effect on CG incidence (overall χ² = 2.1, P = 0.3423). Sex [Odds ratios (OR) = 1.8631, P = 0.0058] but not age (OR = 0.9929, P = 0.2699) was associated with DU and both parameters had a highly significant effect on GU (overall χ² = 30.5, P < 0.0001). The histopathological results showed a significant contribution of ageing for both atrophy (OR = 1.0297, P < 0.0001) and intestinal metaplasia (OR = 1.0520, P < 0.0001). Presence of H. pylori was significantly associated with decreasing age (OR = 0.9827, P < 0.0001) and with the incidence of DU (OR = 3.6077, P < 0.0001). The prevalence of m1 in DU was statistically significant (OR = 2.3563, P = 0.0018) but not in CG (OR = 2.678, P = 0.0863) and GU (OR = 1.520, P= 0.2863).
CONCLUSION: In our population, male gender was a risk factor for PU; ageing for GU, atrophy and metaplasia; and H. pylori of vacA m1 genotype for DU.
Rodrigo Buzinaro Suzuki; Rodrigo Faria Cola; Larissa Tranquilino Bardela Cola; Camila Garcia Ferrari; Fred Ellinger; Altino Luiz Therezo; Luis Carlos Silva; André Eterovic; Márcia Aparecida Sperança
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of gastroenterology : WJG     Volume:  18     ISSN:  2219-2840     ISO Abbreviation:  World J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-19     Completed Date:  2013-11-08     Revised Date:  2014-05-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883448     Medline TA:  World J Gastroenterol     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5404-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Brazil / epidemiology
Chronic Disease
Gastritis / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology*
Logistic Models
Middle Aged
Peptic Ulcer / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology*
Risk Factors

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