Document Detail


Different quantitative measures of the impact of premature deaths on the community in Australia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15707205     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Different quantitative measures based on the concept of years of potential life lost have been derived for assessing the burden of diseases and injuries. However, few studies have been conducted to compare the usefulness of these measures in terms of providing practical information. This study aims to examine the utility of different measures in assessing the impact of premature deaths on Australian society. METHODS: This population-based study was conducted utilising data on the underlying causes of death officially reported by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The mortality rates, potential years of life lost (PYLL), potentially productive years of life lost (PPYLL), and the valued potential years of life lost (VPYLL), are calculated and compared for deaths due to all known underlying causes. RESULTS: In comparison with other causes of death, injury deaths had the second-highest annual rates of PYLL (1,206.7 years), the highest PPYLL (543.5 years), and VPYLL (489.7 years). Premature deaths due to injury were the only positively valued VPYLL among all major causes of death. Among injury deaths, intentional injury deaths caused the largest VPYLL (7,591.6 years), with a higher rate than unintentional injury deaths. CONCLUSION: As an indicator of the economic impact and burden of premature deaths to society, the VPYLL seems to be an advantageous utility. Injury poses the greatest public health problem to the Australian economy.
Authors:
Lawrence T Lam
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Australian and New Zealand journal of public health     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1326-0200     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Publication Date:  2004 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-14     Completed Date:  2005-04-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9611095     Medline TA:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  555-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children, New South Wales. lawrencl@chw.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents / economics,  mortality
Adolescent
Adult
Australia / epidemiology
Cause of Death* / trends
Child
Child, Preschool
Chronic Disease / economics,  mortality
Cost of Illness
Disease / classification,  economics*
Efficiency
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
International Classification of Diseases
Life Expectancy
Life Tables*
Middle Aged
Value of Life / economics*
Wounds and Injuries / economics,  mortality

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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