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Different functional cardiac characteristics observed in term/preterm neonates by echocardiography and tissue doppler imaging.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21576005     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To establish, using echocardiography, color-flow Doppler and tissue doppler imaging (TDI), physiological values of systolic/diastolic indexes in healthy term/pre-term newborns, and to identify how different degrees of maturity influence morpho-functional cardiac alterations during the transitional period. STUDY DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: 33 term newborns (M=19, F=14; gestational ages: 37th-41st week), and 20 pre-term infants (M=11, F=9; gestational ages: 31st-36th week) admitted to our department were studied. All infants underwent to clinical and Doppler ultrasound evaluations, carried out by the third to fourth day. Investigations included: M-mode echocardiography, color-flow Doppler and TDI. OUTCOME MEASURES AND RESULTS: Term and preterm neonates differed for: interventricular septum and left systolic/diastolic ventricle diameters (p<0.01 and <0.05 respectively); left ventricle posterior wall in systole (p<0.01); shortening and ejection fraction (p<0.05). Color-flow Doppler parameters on the tricuspid (peak E, peak A, ratio E/A; p<0.05) and on the mitral (peak E and E/A ratio; p<0.01) significantly differed between the two groups. Significant differences were also present for basal left ventricular lateral wall and right ventricular lateral wall in the Ew (p<0.01 and <0.05 respectively), Sw peak (p<0.01 and <0.05 respectively), and Ew/Aw (p<0.05). The isovolumetric relax time and the E/Ew measured on the medial mitral annulus also demonstrated significant differences (p<0.01) between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: TDI is feasible in preterm neonates and enables assessment of myocardial velocities. With increasing gestational age, higher myocardial velocities and lower E/E' Πratios were found. TDI addition to standard neonatal echocardiography may provide further important information about cardiac function.
Authors:
Marco Matteo Ciccone; Pietro Scicchitano; Annapaola Zito; Michele Gesualdo; Marco Sassara; Grazia Calderoni; Federica Di Mauro; Grazia Ladisa; Antonio Di Mauro; Nicola Laforgia
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-6232     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Section of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation, University of Bari, School of Medicine, Bari, Italy.
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