Document Detail

Different femorotibial contact on the weight-bearing: midflexion between normal and varus aligned knees after total knee arthroplasty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25059339     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: The influence of residual malalignment on biomechanical analysis after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is currently uncertain. The hypothesis is that postoperative alignment would influence the in vivo kinematics after TKA, under weight-bearing conditions but not under non-weight-bearing condition. The purpose of the present study was to compare weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing conditions and to evaluate the effect of the postoperative alignment on the in vivo kinematics after posterior cruciate ligament-retaining TKA during midflexion using 2-dimensional/3-dimensional registration.
METHODS: Thirty knees of 30 patients with pre-operative varus deformity were divided into 2 groups according to their postoperative alignment: the normal alignment group (N = 21) and the varus alignment group (N = 9).
RESULTS: Under weight-bearing conditions, the varus alignment group showed a significant posterior displacement of the medial femoral condyle (flexion: 80°, 90° P < 0.05) and a significant anterior displacement of the lateral femoral condyle (flexion: 10° P < 0.01, 20° P < 0.05, and extension: 10°, 20° P < 0.01, 30°, 40° P < 0.05) as compared with the normal alignment group. In contrast, no significant difference in the medial and lateral femoral condyle positions under non-weight-bearing conditions was observed between the normal and varus alignment groups.
CONCLUSION: The postoperative alignment influenced knee kinematics under weight-bearing conditions. The weight load influenced knee kinematics through posterior tibial slope and induced greater lateral femoral condyle mobility, which might explain the better clinical and functional outcome. These findings contribute to gaining a proper understanding of the in vivo kinematics of the postoperative varus alignment and might be useful for orthopaedic surgeons in the achievement of patient satisfaction. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.
Eisaku Fujimoto; Yoshiaki Sasashige; Tetsuya Tomita; Kenji Kashiwagi; Amiko Inoue; Mikiya Sawa; Yuki Ota
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-7347     ISO Abbreviation:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9314730     Medline TA:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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