Document Detail

Different diagnostic tools in nonfunctional overreaching.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18050061     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The current diagnosis of overreaching and overtraining is based on exclusion. In the present paper, four possible confirmative tools have been examined in three female speed skaters between 16 and 19 years old. A nonfunctional overreached (NFO) athlete, an athlete who was recovering from NFO and a healthy athlete were examined. The NFO athlete showed high stress and low regeneration levels at the Recovery Stress Questionnaire for Athletes. The recovering athlete showed a more favorable profile, although she still showed higher stress and lower recovery than the control athlete. On the Profile of Mood States, the NFO athlete showed an unfavorable profile. The control athlete showed the typical iceberg profile. The recovering athlete showed a profile similar to sedentary individuals. Results on a reaction time task showed decreased performance under pressure for the NFO but not for the control and the recovering athlete. Hormonal reactions to two maximal exercise bouts also differed between the three subjects with an overreaction after the second exercise bout of the NFO athlete as the most remarkable finding. The Recovery Stress Questionnaire for Athletes, reaction times and hormonal reactions to exercise showed to be possible tools that can be used in the diagnostic procedure.
E Nederhof; J Zwerver; M Brink; R Meeusen; K Lemmink
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-11-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports medicine     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0172-4622     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-19     Completed Date:  2008-10-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008349     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  590-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for Human Movement Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone / blood
Case-Control Studies
Hydrocortisone / blood
Physical Education and Training*
Reaction Time / physiology
Recovery of Function / physiology*
Skating / physiology*
Stress, Psychological / physiopathology
Reg. No./Substance:
50-23-7/Hydrocortisone; 9002-60-2/Adrenocorticotropic Hormone

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