Document Detail


Differences in the neuromuscular capacity and lean muscle tissue in old and older community-dwelling adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11382799     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: This study investigated whether there was a worsening of the neuromuscular capacity of older adults after the seventh decade of life. METHODS: Fifteen healthy community-dwelling old (< 70 years of age) and 15 older adults (> or = 70 years of age) were assessed for maximal isometric strength (MVC) and force production characteristics, a one-repetition maximum (1-RM) performance, electromyographic (EMG) activity, and bone-free lean tissue (BFLT) mass of the lower extremity. RESULTS: The isometric MVC, 1-RM, and BFLT mass values in the old group were significantly greater than in the older group. In addition, the individual BFLT mass values correlated significantly with the isometric MVC values (r = .85) and the 1-RM scores of the thigh muscle groups (r = .54-.80). The old group generated significantly greater isometric maximal rate of torque development than the older group and performed significantly better at all intervals of the absolute and relative force-time curves. The voluntary muscle activation of the knee extensors of the old group produced significantly higher integrated EMG (iEMG) activity at each epoch in the early iEMG-time curve compared with the old group. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the age-related deterioration in maximal strength measures and rapid force production characteristics in older adults could be related to a reduction in the mass and neural activation of the thigh muscles. The deterioration of the neuromuscular system of community-dwelling older adults may contribute to an increased difficulty in performing daily activities and may increase their risks of tripping and falling.
Authors:
E L Lamoureux; W A Sparrow; A Murphy; R U Newton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences     Volume:  56     ISSN:  1079-5006     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci.     Publication Date:  2001 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-30     Completed Date:  2001-06-28     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9502837     Medline TA:  J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  M381-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
School of Health Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia. Chrislado@yahoo.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aging / physiology*
Electromyography
Female
Humans
Isometric Contraction
Leg
Male
Middle Aged
Muscle, Skeletal / anatomy & histology*,  physiology*
Neuromuscular Junction / physiology*
Thinness
Time Factors
Torque

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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