Document Detail


Differences in the justification of choices in moral dilemmas: effects of gender, time pressure and dilemma seriousness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15030112     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects on moral reasoning of gender, time pressure and seriousness of the issue at hand were investigated. In Experiment 1, 72 university students were presented with moral dilemmas and asked what actions the actors involved should take and to justify this. Women were found to be more care-oriented in their reasoning than men, supporting Gilligan's moral judgment model. Both time pressure and consideration of non-serious as opposed to serious moral dilemmas led to an increase in a justice orientation compared with a care orientation in moral judgments. In Experiment 2, a similar task was given to 80 persons of mixed age and profession, and the participants' moral reasoning was coded in terms of its being either duty-orientated (duty, obligations, rights) or consequence-oriented (effects on others). Men were found to be more duty-oriented than women, and time pressure to lead to a greater incidence of duty orientation.
Authors:
Fredrik Björklund
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of psychology     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0036-5564     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand J Psychol     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-19     Completed Date:  2004-04-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404510     Medline TA:  Scand J Psychol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  459-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Lund University, Sweden. fredrik.bjorklund@psychology.lu.se
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Choice Behavior*
Female
Humans
Male
Morals*
Questionnaires
Research Design
Social Justice*
Social Responsibility

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