Document Detail


Differences in hemodynamic effects of nitroprusside and prazosin in severe chronic congestive heart failure: evidence for a direct negative chronotropic effect of prazosin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  463769     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To compare the hemodynamic effects of prazosin and nitroprusside in patients with severe congestive heart failure, nine patients with heart failure refractory to conventional therapy received oral prazosin and intravenous nitroprusside administered so as to produce a similar decrease in left ventricular filling pressure in each patient. By this comparison, both drugs produced similar decreases in mean right atrial pressure, mean pulmonary arterial pressure and systemic and pulmonary vascular resistance. However, with nitroprusside, cardiac index increased more (+0.97 versus +0.73 liters/min per m2, P less than 0.01) and mean arterial pressure decreased less (-13.7 versus -18.3 mm Hg, P less than 0.05) than with prazosin. Both drugs produced similar changes in stroke volume index (+11.7 cc/beat per m2 with nitroprusside and +12.5 with prazosin) and stroke work index (+8.1 g-m/m2 with nitroprusside and +6.6 with prazosin). Therefore, the differences in the hemodynamic responses observed with the two agents were due to the significantly greater decrease in heart rate with prazosin (-8 beats/min) than with nitroprusside (-2 beats/min, P less than 0.05). These clinical data support experimental evidence suggesting that there is a significant negative chronotropic action of prazosin independent of its peripheral vascular effects.
Authors:
M Packer; J Meller; R Gorlin; M V Herman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1979 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-09-25     Completed Date:  1979-09-25     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  310-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Administration, Oral
Aged
Female
Ferricyanides / pharmacology*
Heart Failure / drug therapy*,  physiopathology
Heart Rate / drug effects*
Hemodynamics / drug effects*
Humans
Infusions, Parenteral
Male
Middle Aged
Nitroprusside / pharmacology*
Prazosin / pharmacology*
Quinazolines / pharmacology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ferricyanides; 0/Quinazolines; 15078-28-1/Nitroprusside; 19216-56-9/Prazosin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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