Document Detail


Differences in global and regional left ventricular myocardial mechanics in various morphologic subtypes of patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy referred for ventricular septal myotomy/myectomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24837268     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) have various left ventricular (LV) shapes: reverse septal curvature (RSC, commonly familial), sigmoid septum (SS, common in hypertensives), and concentric hypertrophy (CH). Longitudinal (systolic and early diastolic) strain rate (SR) is sensitive in detecting regional myocardial dysfunction. We sought to determine differences in longitudinal SR of patients with obstructive HC, based on LV shapes. We studied 199 consecutive patients with HC (50% men) referred for surgical myectomy. Clinical and echocardiographic parameters were recorded. LV shapes were classified on echocardiography, using basal septal 1/3 to posterior wall ratio: RSC = ratio >1.3 (extending to mid and distal septum), SS = ratio >1.3 (extending only to basal 1/3), and concentric = ratio ≤1.3. Longitudinal systolic and early diastolic SRs were measured from apical 4- and 2-chamber views (VVI 2.0; Siemens, Erlangen). Distribution of RSC, SS, and CH was 50%, 28%, and 22%, respectively. Patients with RSC were significantly younger (47 ± 12 vs 64 ± 10 and 57 ± 11, respectively) with lower hypertension (40% vs71% and 67%, respectively) than patients with SS or CH (both p <0.001). Patients with RSC had lower global systolic (-0.99 ± 0.3 vs -1.05 ± 0.3 and -1.17 ± 0.3) and early diastolic SR (0.95 ± 0.4 vs 0.98 ± 0.3 and 1.16 ± 0.4) versus patients with SS and CH (in 1/s, both p <0.01), despite being much younger and less hypertensive. RSC was associated with abnormal global LV systolic (beta 0.16) and early diastolic (beta -0.17) SR (both p <0.01). In conclusion, patients with HC with RCS have significantly abnormal LV mechanics, despite being younger and less hypertensive. A combination of LV mechanics and shapes could help differentiate between genetically mediated and other causes of obstructive HC.
Authors:
Taisei Kobayashi; Ashwat Dhillon; Zoran Popovic; Aditya Bhonsale; Nicholas G Smedira; Maran Thamilarasan; Bruce W Lytle; Harry M Lever; Milind Y Desai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-03-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  113     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-05-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1879-85     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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