Document Detail

Differences in epinephrine and substrate responses between arm and leg exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2287255     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this study was to determine epinephrine (EPI) and selected substrate responses during arm crank (AC) and leg cycle (LC) exercise at the same absolute and relative exercise intensity. Nine males performed 30 min AC and LC tests at 70% of ergometer-specific peak oxygen uptake (VO2), and a 30 min LC test eliciting a similar VO2 required during the AC test. Blood samples (30 ml) were collected via an indwelling arm catheter at rest, and at minutes 13 and 28 of exercise for determinations of plasma EPI, serum free fatty acid (FFA), serum glycerol (GLY), blood glucose (GLU), and blood lactate (LA) concentrations. At equivalent VO2, higher (P less than 0.05) EPI, LA, and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) responses were obtained during AC than LC exercise. However, these physiologic responses were similar during AC and LC exercise at the same relative intensity. No significant differences over time were observed for FFA, GLY, and GLU between AC and LC exercise at either the same absolute or relative intensity. The results support previous hypotheses that AC exercise is physiologically more stressful than LC exercise at the same VO2. The data further indicate that adrenomedullary activity (EPI response) and substrate utilization (LA and RER responses) are regulated by relative exercise intensity and not the exercising muscle mass.
S P Hooker; C L Wells; M M Manore; S A Philip; N Martin
Related Documents :
3657485 - Metabolic responses during hydraulic resistance exercise.
8450585 - Ventilatory threshold and work efficiency during exercise on a cycle and rowing ergometer.
15595305 - Rate and amplitude of adaptation to two intensities of exercise in men aged 65-75 yr.
3997735 - Two-dimensional short-term model of oxygen uptake kinetics.
17557685 - Follow-up of an exercise-based treatment for children with reading difficulties.
12530495 - Afterload reduction therapy in patients following intraatrial baffle operation for tran...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1990 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-03-22     Completed Date:  1991-03-22     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  779-84     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Family Resources and Human Development, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287-0404.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Arm / physiology*
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Epinephrine / blood*
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Test
Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / blood
Glycerol / blood
Lactates / blood
Lactic Acid
Leg / physiology*
Multivariate Analysis
Muscle Contraction / physiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Fatty Acids, Nonesterified; 0/Lactates; 50-21-5/Lactic Acid; 51-43-4/Epinephrine; 56-81-5/Glycerol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Cardiovascular adjustments to exercise distributed between the upper and lower body.
Next Document:  Effects of dehydration on gastric emptying and gastrointestinal distress while running.