Document Detail

Differences in control of limb dynamics during dominant and nondominant arm reaching.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10805666     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study compares the coordination patterns employed for the left and right arms during rapid targeted reaching movements. Six right-handed subjects reached to each of three targets, designed to elicit progressively greater amplitude interaction torques at the elbow joint. All targets required the same elbow excursion (20 degrees ), but different shoulder excursions (5, 10, and 15 degrees, respectively). Movements were restricted to the shoulder and elbow and supported on a horizontal plane by a frictionless air-jet system. Subjects received visual feedback only of the final hand position with respect to the start and target locations. For motivation, points were awarded based on final position accuracy for movements completed within an interval of 400-600 ms. For all subjects, the right and left hands showed a similar time course of improvement in final position accuracy over repeated trials. After task adaptation, final position accuracy was similar for both hands; however, the hand trajectories and joint coordination patterns during the movements were systematically different. Right hand paths showed medial to lateral curvatures that were consistent in magnitude for all target directions, whereas the left hand paths had lateral to medial curvatures that increased in magnitude across the three target directions. Inverse dynamic analysis revealed substantial differences in the coordination of muscle and intersegmental torques for the left and right arms. Although left elbow muscle torque contributed largely to elbow acceleration, right arm coordination was characterized by a proximal control strategy, in which movement of both joints was primarily driven by the effects of shoulder muscles. In addition, right hand path direction changes were independent of elbow interaction torque impulse, indicating skillful coordination of muscle actions with intersegmental dynamics. In contrast, left hand path direction changes varied directly with elbow interaction torque impulse. These findings strongly suggest that distinct neural control mechanisms are employed for dominant and non dominant arm movements. However, whether interlimb differences in neural strategies are a consequence of asymmetric use of the two arms, or vice versa, is not yet understood. The implications for neural organization of voluntary movement control are discussed.
R L Sainburg; D Kalakanis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurophysiology     Volume:  83     ISSN:  0022-3077     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurophysiol.     Publication Date:  2000 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-14     Completed Date:  2000-06-14     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375404     Medline TA:  J Neurophysiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2661-75     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
School of Health Related Professions, State University of New York at Buffalo, 14214, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Arm / physiology*
Dominance, Cerebral / physiology*
Elbow Joint / physiology
Models, Biological
Movement / physiology*
Muscle Contraction / physiology
Psychomotor Performance / physiology
Range of Motion, Articular / physiology
Grant Support

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