Document Detail

Differences in cephalometric reference values between five centres: relevance to the Eurocleft Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10203217     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Cephalometric data from five different geographical areas (Oslo, Manchester, London, Nijmegen, and Michigan) were compared. The angles SNA, SNB, and ANB were taken from published tables in the form of mean, standard deviation (SD) and number in the sample, divided up by age and sex. Angles SNA and SNB were significantly different among centres on univariate analysis. The Oslo data showed 23 instances in which they differed significantly from the other data, London 16, Manchester 11, Nijmegen 11, and Michigan 7. Multivariate analysis using Penrose distances were Oslo (2.04), Manchester (1.39), London (0.93), Nijmegen (0.80), and Michigan (0.66). The sums of the Mahalanobis distances were Nijmegen (3.60), Oslo (3.10), London (2.80), Manchester (2.25), and Michigan (1.49). As these results probably reflect racial and genetic differences, these must be taken into account when international comparisons are being made, as in the Eurocleft study.
M J Trenouth; G Laitung; A J Naftel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0266-4356     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg     Publication Date:  1999 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-05-24     Completed Date:  1999-05-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8405235     Medline TA:  Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg     Country:  SCOTLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19-24     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Royal Preston Hospital, Lancashire, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Analysis of Variance
Continental Population Groups
Mandible / anatomy & histology
Maxilla / anatomy & histology
Maxillofacial Development / genetics,  physiology
Multivariate Analysis
Nose / anatomy & histology
Reference Values
Sella Turcica / anatomy & histology
Sex Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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