Document Detail


Differences in central systolic blood pressure and aortic stiffness between aerobically trained and sedentary individuals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21414563     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to evaluate central (carotid) artery blood pressure (BP) in endurance athletes. Carotid-femoral (= aortic) pulse wave velocity (PWV) together with radial and carotid tonometry and pulse wave analysis were performed at rest in 30 endurance athletes and 30 sedentary controls, all males matched for age, height, brachial systolic BP (SBP), and diastolic BP. Whereas brachial BP was similar in the two groups, carotid SBP and pulse pressure (PP) were higher in endurance athletes than in controls irrespective of age (123.1 ± 2.17 vs. 110.2 ± 1.29 mm Hg, and 50.9 ± 1.95 vs. 34.1 ± 1.01 mm Hg; P < .0001 for both). PP amplification evaluated from the brachial/carotid PP ratio was lower in athletes than in controls (1.05 ± 0.04 vs. 1.40 ± 0.02; P < .0001). When compared with controls, athletes had lower PWV (7.81 ± 0.17 vs. 9.8 ± 0.23 m/second; P < .0001), higher reflected wave transit time/left ventricular ejection time ratio (P = .02), and lower heart rate (52.03 ± 1.54 vs. 68.9 ± 1.72 beats/minute; P < .0001). When matched for brachial BP, central SBP and PP were higher in endurance athletes than in sedentary controls. The possible negative pathophysiological impact of increased central BP on the overall favorable effects of training deserves further study.
Authors:
Pierre Laurent; Patrice Marenco; Olivier Castagna; Harold Smulyan; Jacques Blacher; Michel E Safar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Hypertension : JASH     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1933-1711     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Soc Hypertens     Publication Date:    2011 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101312518     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Hypertens     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  85-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 American Society of Hypertension. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Service de Cardiologie, Hôpital d'Instruction des Armées Ste Anne, Toulon, France.
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