Document Detail


Differences in anaerobic performance between boys and men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8550253     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to compare the anaerobic performance of 11-12 year old prepubescent boys (stage 1; n = 18) using a maximal effort 90 s cycling test to that of adult men (n = 19). Performance was separated into short-term anaerobic power (SAP; work in 10 s), intermediate-term anaerobic capacity (IAC; work in 30 s) and long-term anaerobic capacity (LAC; work in 90 s). Resistance on the Monark cycle ergometer was chosen as the highest tolerable load for the 90 s test and set at 2.6 and 3.8 J. rev-1.kg body mass-1 for boys and men, respectively. Power drop-off (%PD) was determined as the change in 5 s power outputs from 0-90 s. Blood lactates were measured at rest (pretest; BL) and at 2 (BL2) and 5 (BL5) min post test. Absolute and relative (to weight or thigh volume) scores for SAC, IAC and LAC were 33-40% lower in the boys compared to the men (p < 0.001). The men demonstrated significantly greater %PD over the 90 s (32.2%) compared to the 25.3% PD of the boys (p < 0.001), suggesting that the development of fatigue was greater in the men even though power and work outputs were high. Resting BL values were similar for both groups. Mean BL2 and BL5 were higher (p < 0.01) in the men (13.5, SD = 3.4; 12.5, SD = 2.8 mmol.l-1) than in the boys (9.1, SD = 1.7; 8.3, SD = 1.6 mmol.l-1). The anaerobic performance of the boys compared to the men cannot be completely explained by the lower resistance setting used. Although the boys were 50% lighter than the men, their resistance was 70% of that used for the men. The results do not support the contention that children and adults have similar abilities in short term, exhaustive work when corrected for size. Prepubescent boys appear to be limited in their ability to perform short-term as well as intermediate and long term anaerobic exercise compared to adult males.
Authors:
C A Gaul; D Docherty; R Cicchini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports medicine     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0172-4622     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Med     Publication Date:  1995 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-02-22     Completed Date:  1996-02-22     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008349     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Med     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  451-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Physical Education, University of Victoria, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Age Factors
Anaerobic Threshold
Child
Exercise Test
Humans
Male
Physical Endurance
Physical Exertion / physiology*

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