Document Detail

Differences for gender, weight and exercise in body image disturbance and eating disorder symptoms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17075238     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Differences for gender, weight, exercise frequency and type for eating disorder symptoms and body image disturbance were examined. Further understanding of male body image disturbance was the primary goal. METHOD: Males (n=200) and females (n=233) completed measures to assess eating disorder symptoms and multiple components of body image disturbance. Measures were modified to be more appropriate for males. RESULTS: Females endorsed higher levels of eating and body concerns. Males were divided between a desire to maintain, increase or decrease their size. Higher weight and exercise frequency was associated with increased body image concern and eating disorder symptoms, particularly for males. Exercise frequency was also linked to higher self-esteem for males. Males who used muscle-enhancing supplements indicated increased social pressures and concern for appearance, and a desire to increase their size. DISCUSSION: The findings support that weight and exercise frequency affect eating disorder symptoms and body image disturbance. Males appear to exhibit body image disturbance, which is related to their current weight status. Results support the call for further development of measures that more adequately address male concerns.
P J Varnado-Sullivan; R Horton; S Savoy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Eating and weight disorders : EWD     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1590-1262     ISO Abbreviation:  Eat Weight Disord     Publication Date:  2006 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-31     Completed Date:  2007-02-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9707113     Medline TA:  Eat Weight Disord     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  118-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond, LA 70402, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Body Image*
Body Weight
Diet, Reducing / statistics & numerical data
Eating Disorders / diagnosis*,  epidemiology*,  psychology
Obesity / epidemiology,  prevention & control
Self Concept*
Sex Factors
Social Values
Weight Lifting / statistics & numerical data

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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