Document Detail


Differences among Black and White young adults on prior attempts and motivation to help a smoker quit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18061363     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study assessed differences between Black and White young adults on prior attempts and motivation to help a smoker quit. A total of 1,621 undergraduates (912 Black, 709 White; 63% female) ages 18-24 years completed a cross-sectional survey. Overall, 54% reported they had previously tried to help someone else stop smoking (52% among Blacks vs. 58% among Whites, p=0.016). Among nonsmokers who indicated they were close to a smoker whom they thought should quit, Blacks were most often concerned about a family member whereas Whites endorsed concern most often for a friend (p<0.001). Blacks were more likely than Whites to indicate interest in learning ways to help this smoker to quit (p<0.001) but there was no significant differences on motivation level (46% of Blacks and 42% of Whites reported they were "very" or "extremely" motivated to help this person quit). After adjusting for gender, the results remained unchanged. Tobacco control efforts could focus on optimizing these supportive behaviors as well as expressed motivation and interest in helping a smoker to quit among young adult nonsmokers.
Authors:
Christi A Patten; Tabetha A Brockman; Steven C Ames; Jon O Ebbert; Susanna R Stevens; Janet L Thomas; Chudley E Werch; Gebre-Egziabher Kiros; Josephine M Kershaw; Joan M Carlson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-11-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0306-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-07     Completed Date:  2008-08-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  496-502     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry and Psychology and Behavioral Health Research Program, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN 55901, United States. patten.christi@mayo.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
African Continental Ancestry Group*
Cross-Sectional Studies
European Continental Ancestry Group*
Female
Humans
Male
Motivation*
Smoking Cessation / methods,  psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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