Document Detail

Differences of myocardial systolic deformation and correlates of diastolic function in competitive rowers and young hypertensives: a speckle-tracking echocardiography study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20810245     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare speckle-tracking echocardiography-derived left ventricular (LV) systolic mechanics and their relationships with LV diastolic properties in young patients with hypertension and in young competitive athletes in relation to their respective alterations of LV structure.
METHODS: Nineteen sedentary controls, 22 top-level rowers, and 18 young newly diagnosed, never-treated patients with hypertension, all male, underwent Doppler echocardiography including pulsed tissue Doppler of the mitral annulus and speckle-tracking echocardiography. Peak longitudinal strain was calculated in apical long-axis, four-chamber, and two-chamber views, and values of the three views were averaged (global longitudinal strain [GLS]). Regional circumferential and radial strain were calculated at the LV basal, middle, and apical levels, and values were averaged (global circumferential strain and global radial strain). LV torsion was determined as the net difference in the mean rotation between the apical and basal levels.
RESULTS: The three groups were comparable for age, whereas body mass index and blood pressure were higher in patients with hypertension, and heart rate was lower in rowers. LV mass index was higher in rowers and in patients with hypertension than in controls, without differences in relative wall thickness, ejection fraction, and midwall shortening. Left atrial volume index was greater in rowers than in controls and patients with hypertension. Annular systolic velocity (s') (P < .001) and early diastolic velocity (e') (P < .0001) were lower and the E/e' ratio was higher (P < .0001) in patients with hypertension. GLS was lower in patients with hypertension (-17.5 ± 2.8%) than in rowers (-22.2 ± 2.7%) and in controls (-21.1 ± 2.0%) (P < .0001). Global circumferential strain, global radial strain, and torsion were similar among the three groups. In the pooled population, GLS was an independent contributor to E/e' ratio (P < .0001) after adjusting for age, heart rate, meridional end-systolic stress, LV mass index and left atrial volume index. By receiver operating characteristic curve analyses, both GLS and E/e' ratio appeared to be accurate in discriminating patients with hypertension from healthy controls, with the E/e' ratio being more sensitive (77.8%) and GLS more specific (89.5%).
CONCLUSIONS: The hearts of young patients with hypertension are characterized by reduced GLS, whereas global circumferential strain, global radial strain, and torsion are similar to those of athletes' hearts. The extent of GLS is strongly associated with LV diastolic function, independently of afterload changes and the degree of LV hypertrophy.
Maurizio Galderisi; Vincenzo Schiano Lomoriello; Alessandro Santoro; Roberta Esposito; Marinella Olibet; Rosa Raia; Matteo Nicola Dario Di Minno; Germano Guerra; Donato Mele; Gaetano Lombardi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1097-6795     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-26     Completed Date:  2011-02-17     Revised Date:  2012-03-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801388     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1190-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Federico II University, Naples, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Athletes / statistics & numerical data
Blood Pressure Determination / methods
Body Mass Index
Cohort Studies
Diastole / physiology
Echocardiography / methods*
Echocardiography, Doppler / methods*
Heart Rate / physiology
Hypertension / physiopathology*,  ultrasonography
Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / physiopathology,  ultrasonography*
Linear Models
Monte Carlo Method
Multivariate Analysis
Myocardial Contraction / physiology
Reference Values
Sports / physiology
Stroke Volume / physiology*
Ventricular Function, Left / physiology
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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