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Differences between hypertensive and atherosclerotic lesions in retinal arteries assessed by Scheie's classification in hypertensive patients following stroke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21028995     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Scheie's classification regarding hypertensive and atherosclerotic lesions in retinal arteries is generally used to assess the severity of hypertensive retinopathy and the risks of cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients. However, the differences between these two types of retinal artery lesions have not been fully examined. Both arterial stiffness and aortic root diameter are increased in hypertensive patients. The aim of this study was to elucidate differences in the two types of lesions by comparing their relationships to arterial stiffness and aortic root diameter in hypertensive patients following stroke. Fifty-two hypertensive patients following stroke were divided into five stages according to Scheie's classification of hypertensive (H stage 0-4) and atherosclerotic (S stage 0-4) lesions by ophthalmologists. Arterial stiffness was measured as brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) using an automatic waveform analyzer. Aortic root diameter was measured using M-mode echocardiography. The H and S stages in retinal arteries correlated with each other (ρ = 0.443, p < 0.001). However, the S stage correlated with baPWV (ρ = 0.385, p = 0.005) and the aortic root diameter (ρ = 0.285, p = 0.043), while the H stage did not correlate with these parameters. Multiple stepwise regression analysis demonstrated that the aortic root diameter was independently associated with S stage (β = 0.373, p = 0.006), even though baPWV was independently associated with neither S stage nor H stage. In conclusion, hypertensive lesions (H stage) in retinal arteries are associated with atherosclerotic lesions (S stage) in retinal arteries. However, S stage may reflect arterial stiffening and aortic root dilatation better than H stage in hypertensive patients following stroke. This difference between H and S stages of Scheie's classification should be kept in mind when considering the association between retinal microcirculation and large vessel arteriosclerosis.
Authors:
Hisashi Masugata; Shoichi Senda; Jun Hoshikawa; Hiroyuki Okuyama; Michio Inukai; Takashi Himoto; Masanobu Imai; Fuminori Goda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental hypertension (New York, N.Y. : 1993)     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1525-6006     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Exp. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9305929     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Hypertens     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  335-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Integrated Medicine, Kagawa University, Kagawa, Japan. masugata@med.kagawa-u.ac.jp
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