Document Detail

Difference between nurses' and physicians' approach to denial in oncology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1473086     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A psychiatrist and a psychiatric nurse interviewed 33 physicians and 94 nurses at a cancer center about their experience working with oncology patients, including their usual approach to "denial" seen in these patients. Most respondents viewed denial as a useful, nearly universal defense mechanism, potentially capable of interfering with treatment. Physicians described a pattern in which their patients were presented with the facts one time during diagnosis and formulation of a treatment plan, after which denial was allowed and new facts not offered unless the denial was viewed as interfering with the medical intervention. Nurses more often referred to denial as a phase, stressing the importance of honesty in dealing with patients who are prone to deny. They experienced discomfort when patients who were suffering adverse effects of treatment seemed to need greater honesty from their physicians. Discussion of these differences includes the effect of the contexts in which nurses and physicians encounter denial as well as their complementary roles in patient care, and the differential goals and values of the two professions.
D M Ross; J R Peteet; C Medeiros; K Walsh-Burke; P Rieker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cancer nursing     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0162-220X     ISO Abbreviation:  Cancer Nurs     Publication Date:  1992 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-02-01     Completed Date:  1993-02-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805358     Medline TA:  Cancer Nurs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  422-8     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115.
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MeSH Terms
Attitude of Health Personnel*
Cancer Care Facilities
Denial (Psychology)*
Medical Oncology / methods*
Neoplasms / psychology*
Oncologic Nursing / methods*

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