Document Detail

Difference between clinic and daytime blood pressure is not a measure of the white coat effect.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9576133     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether the difference between blood pressure measured in the clinic or physician's office and the average daytime blood pressure accurately reflects the blood pressure response of the patient to the physician ("white coat effect" or "white coat hypertension"). We studied 28 hypertensive outpatients (mean age, 41.8+/-11.2 years; age range, 21 to 64 years) of 35 consecutive patients attending our hypertension clinic, in whom (1) continuous noninvasive finger blood pressure was recorded before and during the visit, (2) blood pressure was measured according to the Riva-Rocci-Korotkoff method (mercury sphygmomanometer) with the patient in the supine position, and (3) daytime ambulatory blood pressure was monitored with a SpaceLabs 90207 device. The peak blood pressure increase recorded directly during the visit was compared with the difference between clinic and daytime average ambulatory blood pressures. Compared with previsit values, peak increases in finger systolic and diastolic blood pressures during the visit to the clinic were 38.2+/-3.1 and 20.7+/-1.6 mm Hg, respectively (mean+/-SEM, P<.01 for both). Daytime average systolic and diastolic blood pressures were 135.5+/-2.5 and 89.2+/-1.9 mm Hg, with both lower than the corresponding clinic blood pressure values (146.6+/-3.6 and 94.9+/-2.2 mm Hg, P<.01). These differences, however, were <30% of the peak finger blood pressure increases during the physician's visit, to which these increases showed no relation. Although the visit to the physician's office was associated with tachycardia (9.0+/-1.6 bpm, P<.01), there was no difference between clinic and daytime average heart rates. These data indicate that the clinic-daytime average blood pressure difference does not reflect the alerting reaction and the pressure response elicited by the physician's visit and thus is not a reliable measure of the white coat effect.
G Parati; L Ulian; C Santucciu; S Omboni; G Mancia
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0194-911X     ISO Abbreviation:  Hypertension     Publication Date:  1998 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-05-19     Completed Date:  1998-05-19     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906255     Medline TA:  Hypertension     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1185-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Cattedra di Medicina Interna, Ospedale S Gerardo, Monza, University of Milano, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure*
Blood Pressure Determination / methods
Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory*
Hypertension / physiopathology*,  psychology
Middle Aged
Stress, Physiological

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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