Document Detail

Dietary supplementation of high-performance Canadian athletes by age and gender.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17993788     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine dietary supplementation practices and opinions, preferred means for dietary supplement (DS) education, and antidoping opinions among elite Canadian athletes varying in age and gender. DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Elite athlete training centers in Calgary, Canada and surrounding area. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 582 high-performance athletes (314 male, 268 female). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: High-performance athletes representing 27 sports with a mean age of 19.96+/-3.91 years completed a validated questionnaire assessing DS practices and opinions by recall. Sport categories included varsity, Canadian Sport Centre Calgary (CSCC), and National Sport School (NSS). RESULTS: There was extensive DS use, with 88.4% of participants taking>or=1 DS (mean of 3.08+/-1.87 DS per user) during the previous 6 months. Overall, sport drinks (22.4%), sport bars (14.0%), multivitamins and minerals (13.5%), protein supplements (9.0%), and vitamin C (6.4%) were most frequently reported. Older athletes were significantly more likely to report greater DS usage; to be advised by teammates, health food store retailers, and magazines; to prefer supplementation education via individual interviews; to claim awareness of anti-doping rules; and to perceive anti-doping compliance. Relative to gender, significant differences were observed for the types of DS reported; supplementation advisors; justifications for DS use; and awareness of anti-doping regulations. CONCLUSIONS: Utilization of this validated and reliable questionnaire has the potential for broad use and provides insight into the factors that influence DS use in elite athletes.
Kelly Anne Erdman; Tak S Fung; Patricia K Doyle-Baker; Marja J Verhoef; Raylene A Reimer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1050-642X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin J Sport Med     Publication Date:  2007 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-12     Completed Date:  2008-02-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9103300     Medline TA:  Clin J Sport Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  458-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Faculty of Kinesiology, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Attitude to Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dietary Supplements / utilization*
Doping in Sports / statistics & numerical data

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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