Document Detail

Dietary supplement use and iron, zinc and folate intake in pregnant women in London, Ontario.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22414304     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: We examined the dietary intake of iron, zinc and folate, estimated from both food and supplement sources, in 2019 pregnant women who participated in the Prenatal Health Project (PHP). The PHP recruited pregnant women from ultrasound clinics in London, Ontario, in the years 2002-2005.
METHODS: Participants completed a telephone survey, which included a food frequency questionnaire and questions on dietary supplement use. Frequencies of use of dietary supplements were generated. Nutrient intake values were estimated from food and supplement sources, and summed to calculate total daily intake values.
RESULTS: Most women took a multivitamin supplement, and many women took folic acid and iron supplements; however, one-fifth of the sample did not take any supplements providing any of the three micronutrients. Despite being of a higher socio-economic status overall, significant proportions of the cohort ranked below the recommended dietary allowance values for iron, zinc, and folate. This suggests there may be other barriers that impact dietary practices.
CONCLUSIONS: Further research is required on how to better promote supplement use and a healthy diet during pregnancy.
A Roy; S E Evers; M K Campbell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chronic diseases and injuries in Canada     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1925-6523     ISO Abbreviation:  Chronic Dis Inj Can     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-14     Completed Date:  2012-07-25     Revised Date:  2012-08-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101556266     Medline TA:  Chronic Dis Inj Can     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  76-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Chi-Square Distribution
Diet Surveys
Dietary Supplements / utilization*
Folic Acid / administration & dosage*
Iron, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Nutrition Policy
Socioeconomic Factors
Young Adult
Zinc / administration & dosage*
Grant Support
//Canadian Institutes of Health Research
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Iron, Dietary; 59-30-3/Folic Acid; 7440-66-6/Zinc

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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