Document Detail

Dietary strategies to improve the iron and zinc nutriture of young women following a vegetarian diet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9498689     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Dietary strategies to enhance the content and bioavailability of iron and zinc in vegetarian diets were compiled. Strategies included increasing promoters and decreasing antagonists of iron and zinc absorption, adopting food preparation and processing methods which hydrolyze the phytate content of cereals and legumes, and using iron cookware. These strategies were used to devise two vegetarian menus based on food consumption patterns derived from three day weighed food records of 78 Canadian lacto-ovo-vegetarian adolescents. The iron and zinc, as well as calcium, phosphorus, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin A, protein and energy content of the devised menus were all higher than the actual intakes and the corresponding Canadian recommended nutrient intakes. Results show the overall nutrient adequacy of the recommended vegetarian menus and indicate that young lacto-vegetarian women can potentially meet their estimated dietary requirements for absorbed iron and zinc through modest modifications to the diet. Laboratory studies designed to measure the total amount of iron and zinc absorbed from these diets by young vegetarian women are needed to verify the efficacy of the devised menus.
R S Gibson; U M Donovan; A L Heath
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands)     Volume:  51     ISSN:  0921-9668     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Foods Hum Nutr     Publication Date:  1997  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-04-09     Completed Date:  1998-04-09     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803554     Medline TA:  Plant Foods Hum Nutr     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
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MeSH Terms
Biological Availability
Cereals / chemistry
Cooking and Eating Utensils
Diet, Vegetarian*
Fabaceae / chemistry
Food Handling
Iron / administration & dosage*
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Phytic Acid / analysis
Plants, Medicinal
Zinc / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
7439-89-6/Iron; 7440-66-6/Zinc; 83-86-3/Phytic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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