Document Detail


Dietary putrescine (1,4-diaminobutane) influences recovery of Turkey poults challenged with a mixed coccidial infection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16920848     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Exogenous dietary putrescine (1,4-diaminobutane) can increase growth rates of neonatal animals, including calves, chicks, and piglets, under nutritional stress. Turkey poults often have a high mortality rate and this may be due to poor initial feeding behavior and inadequate development of the intestinal tract. We conducted an experiment to determine the effect of dietary putrescine supplementation on growth performance and the role of dietary putrescine in prevention and recovery from a coccidial challenge. A total of 160 1-d-old turkey poults were fed a corn and soybean meal-based starter diet supplemented with 0.0 (control), 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 g/100 g purified putrescine (8 birds/pen, 5 pens/diet). At 14 d of age, half the birds were infected with approximately 43,000 sporulated oocysts. The experiment lasted 24 d. Fecal samples were gathered from d 3 to d 5 postinfection by total collection. Ten control and 10 infected birds fed each diet were sampled on d 6 and d 10 postinfection. The induced infection produced significant depressions in growth and feed intake and detrimental morphological changes in the small intestine of poults in the absence of mortality. Weight gains, protein content of jejunum, and morphometric indices of duodenum, jejunum, and ileum were greater in challenged poults fed 0.3 g/100 g putrescine than in controls. We conclude that dietary putrescine supplementation may be beneficial to poult growth, mucosal development of the small intestine, and to recovery from subclinical coccidiosis.
Authors:
Sanjay R Girdhar; John R Barta; Francisco A Santoyo; Trevor K Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  136     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2006 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-21     Completed Date:  2006-10-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2319-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Coccidiosis / prevention & control,  therapy,  veterinary*
DNA / analysis
Diet*
Duodenum / pathology
Feces / chemistry
Ileum / pathology
Jejunum / chemistry,  pathology
Male
Poultry Diseases / parasitology*,  pathology,  therapy
Proteins / analysis
Putrescine / administration & dosage*
Turkeys* / growth & development
Weight Gain
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Proteins; 110-60-1/Putrescine; 9007-49-2/DNA

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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