Document Detail

Dietary pattern and usual nutrient intakes of Peruvian women during pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14576764     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To describe dietary intakes and nutrient adequacy during pregnancy in a sample of Peruvian women. DESIGN: Descriptive, observational prospective study, nested within a double-masked, controlled, zinc-supplementation trial during pregnancy. SETTING: Hospital Materno-Infantil 'Cesar Lopez Silva', in Villa El Salvador, an impoverished shantytown in Lima, Peru. SUBJECTS: A subsample of women enrolled in the larger trial. These women all had low-risk singleton pregnancies and were receiving prenatal care at the study hospital. A total of 168 24-h dietary recalls were collected at 10-24 weeks gestation and 120 recalls were collected at 28-30 weeks gestation. RESULTS: Median intakes of protein, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin C and phosphorus met the current US RDA for pregnancy, whereas intakes of thiamin, folate, vitamin A, calcium, iron and zinc were well below the recommendations at both time periods. Dietary intake of energy (mostly from carbohydrates) showed a significant increase from 10-24 to 28-30 weeks gestation, as did intakes of folate and vitamin A. The nutrients with the highest estimated prevalences of inadequacy at both points in pregnancy were iron (93%), zinc (88-80%), folate (87-74%) and calcium (86-82%). CONCLUSION: Usual dietary intakes were found to be relatively adequate in terms of their energy and protein contents. However, high prevalences of inadequate intakes were estimated, particularly for iron, zinc and calcium.
L M Sacco; L E Caulfield; N Zavaleta; L Retamozo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0954-3007     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2003 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-10-24     Completed Date:  2004-03-11     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1492-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Diet Surveys
Energy Intake
Food Habits*
Mental Recall
Minerals / administration & dosage*
Nutrition Assessment
Nutrition Disorders / epidemiology*
Nutrition Policy
Nutritional Status
Peru / epidemiology
Pregnancy / blood,  physiology*
Prenatal Care
Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Prospective Studies
Vitamins / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Minerals; 0/Vitamins

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