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Dietary pattern and hypertension in Korean adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23442232     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To assess the dietary pattern associated with hypertension and pre-hypertension among Korean male and female adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study from a representative sample of the Korean population. SETTING: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV, which was conducted in 2007 and 2008. SUBJECTS: Males and females (n 5308) over the age of 20 years. RESULTS: Scores for three major dietary patterns ('whole food', 'Western' and 'drinking') were generated using a factor analysis of thirty predefined food groups based on the food items consumed. We used polytomous logistic regression analyses to obtain odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals for pre-hypertension and hypertension. Participants with a high drinking pattern score (moderate to high alcohol intake, salted fermented seafood intake) had a significantly higher prevalence of pre-hypertension or hypertension than those with a lower drinking pattern score; odds for the top quintile v. the bottom quintile were OR = 1·56 (95 % CI 1·23, 1·99; P trend = 0·001) for pre-hypertension and OR = 3·05 (95 % CI 2·12, 4·40; P trend < 0·001) for hypertension. The whole food pattern was not associated with either pre-hypertension or hypertension, while the Western pattern was associated with the prevalence of hypertension only among men. CONCLUSIONS: Our finding warrants further prospective studies to examine whether alcohol drinking and salty food consumption increase the risk of developing hypertension in Koreans.
Jong Eun Park; Hyeyoung Jung; Jung Eun Lee
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-10     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Food and Nutrition, Sookmyung Women's University, 52 Hyochangwon gil, Yongsan gu, Seoul 140-742, Republic of Korea.
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