Document Detail

Dietary pattern classifications and the association with general obesity and abdominal obesity in korean women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23017566     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVES: This study was done to identify dietary patterns and determine relationships between obesity and dietary patterns in Korean women.
SUBJECTS/METHODS: Using 3,742 cases of baseline data from the Korean Health and Genome Study, dietary patterns were identified using factor analysis of data from a validated food frequency questionnaire. Relationships between dietary patterns and obesity were analyzed.
RESULTS: Four dietary patterns were identified: (a) "animal food" (greater intake of meats and fish), (b) "rice-vegetable" (greater intake of steamed rice, tofu, Kimchi, vegetables, dried anchovy, and seaweeds), (c) "bread-dairy" (greater intake of bread, eggs, milk, and dairy products), and (d) "noodle" (greater intake of ramyun, noodles, and Chajangmyeon). The "animal food," "bread-dairy," and "noodle" dietary patterns were preferred by younger people with higher education levels (P<0.01), but the "rice-vegetable" dietary pattern was preferred by older people with lower incomes and education levels (P<0.01). In Korean women, dietary patterns were related to abdominal obesity but not obesity. The "rice-vegetable" and "noodle" dietary patterns were associated with an increased risk of abdominal obesity. However, the "bread-dairy" dietary pattern had an inverse relationship with abdominal obesity.
CONCLUSION: In this study we identified four unique dietary patterns in Korean women that were independently associated with abdominal obesity. Abdominal obesity was positively related to the "rice-vegetable" and "noodle" dietary patterns. These finding may be useful in the development of dietary guidelines and the prevention of abdominal obesity in Korean women.
Jung-Hyun Kim; Ji Eun Lee; In-Kyung Jung
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics     Volume:  112     ISSN:  2212-2672     ISO Abbreviation:  J Acad Nutr Diet     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101573920     Medline TA:  J Acad Nutr Diet     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1550-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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