Document Detail


Dietary and nutritional patterns in an elderly rural population in Northern and Southern Italy: (II). Nutritional profiles associated with food behaviours.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14647216     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To describe the nutritional profiles of the food consumption patterns identified in an elderly Italian rural population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING:: Population-based study. SUBJECTS: A total of 847 men and 1465 women aged 65 y or older, resident in rural areas in the province of Pavia (Northern Italy) and near Cosenza (Southern Italy) in 1992-1993. INTERVENTIONS: A cluster analysis segregated the subjects into six groups for men and seven for women on the basis of similarities in their food intake (see companion paper). The mean daily energy, macronutrient, mineral and vitamin intakes were calculated for the sample as a whole and for each cluster, and then compared with the age- and gender-specific recommended daily allowances for the Italian population. RESULTS: The largest cluster ("small eaters", which included about half of the population) had an insufficient intake of essential fatty acids, calcium, potassium, zinc (men), iron (women), thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, beta-carotene, and vitamins A, D and E. The most noticeable characteristics of some of the other clusters were a high intake of fats, a high proportion of total energy provided by sugars, a high intake of vitamin C, folic acid and beta-carotene, and a high alcohol consumption. Furthermore, sodium intake was too high in all of the clusters and vitamin D intake was generally inadequate. CONCLUSIONS: The dietary habits of elderly Italians living in rural areas combine elements of the Mediterranean and "wealthy" diets. SPONSORSHIP: National Research Council (Italy) - Invecchiamento Project no. 95.01048.PF40.
Authors:
M L Corrêa Leite; A Nicolosi; S Cristina; W A Hauser; P Pugliese; G Nappi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0954-3007     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-03     Completed Date:  2004-05-03     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1522-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Epidemiology and Medical Informatics, Institute of Biomedical Technologies, National Research Council, Via Fratelli Cervi, 20090 Segrate, Milan, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cluster Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet / statistics & numerical data*
Diet Surveys*
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
Energy Intake
Female
Food Habits*
Humans
Italy
Male
Minerals / administration & dosage
Rural Population / statistics & numerical data*
Vitamins / administration & dosage
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Minerals; 0/Vitamins

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