Document Detail

Dietary macronutrients and blood pressure in southwestern China.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8984124     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To study the relationship between dietary macronutrients and blood pressure. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Liangshan, southwestern China. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred and twelve Yi farmers living in a remote mountainous area, and 264 Yi migrants and 251 Han people living in an urban setting. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Blood pressure and dietary nutrient intake, obtained by asking the subjects to recall their nutrient consumption during the previous 24 h, were measured on three consecutive days. RESULTS: After adjusting for age, body mass index, alcohol use, urinary excretion of sodium, total energy intake and area of residence and after correcting for the effects of regression dilution bias, a 1 SD higher intake of dietary total protein (39 g) was associated with lower systolic (-3.55 mmHg), and diastolic (-2.16 mmHg) blood pressures. Likewise, a 1 SD higher fiber intake (10 g) was significantly associated both with a lower systolic (-2.20 mmHg) and with a lower diastolic (-2.08 mmHg) blood pressure. CONCLUSION: Diets higher in protein and fiber content are associated with a lower blood pressure in the present population sample. The present results indicate that dietary intake of macronutrients might be important in the development and prevention of high blood pressure.
J He; M J Klag; P K Whelton; J Y Chen; M C Qian; G Q He
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0263-6352     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  1995 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-01-03     Completed Date:  1997-01-03     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306882     Medline TA:  J Hypertens     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1267-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure* / drug effects
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dietary Fiber / pharmacology
Dietary Proteins / pharmacology
Middle Aged
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Proteins

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