Document Detail

Dietary intakes of retinol, beta-carotene, vitamin D and vitamin E in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19888271     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
OBJECTIVES: To describe the intake of the fat-soluble nutrients retinol, beta-carotene, vitamin E and vitamin D and their food sources among 27 redefined centres in 10 countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. METHODS: Between 1995 and 2000, 36,034 subjects (age range: 35-74 years) completed a single standardized 24-h dietary recall using a computerized interview software program (EPIC-SOFT). Intakes of the fat-soluble nutrients were estimated using the standardized EPIC Nutrient Database. RESULTS: For all the nutrients, in most centres, men had a higher level of intake than did women, even after adjustments for total energy intake and anthropometric confounders. Distinct regional gradients from northern to southern European countries were observed for all nutrients. The level intake of beta-carotene and vitamin E also showed some differences by level of education, smoking status and physical activity. No meaningful differences in the nutrient intake were observed by age range. CONCLUSIONS: These results show differences by study centre, gender, age and various lifestyle variables in the intake of retinol, beta-carotene, vitamin E and vitamin D between 10 European countries.
M Jenab; S Salvini; C H van Gils; M Brustad; S Shakya-Shrestha; B Buijsse; H Verhagen; M Touvier; C Biessy; P Wallström; K Bouckaert; E Lund; M Waaseth; N Roswall; A M Joensen; J Linseisen; H Boeing; E Vasilopoulou; V Dilis; S Sieri; C Sacerdote; P Ferrari; J Manjer; S Nilsson; A A Welch; R Travis; M C Boutron-Ruault; M Niravong; H B Bueno-de-Mesquita; Y T van der Schouw; M J Tormo; A Barricarte; E Riboli; S Bingham; N Slimani
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  63 Suppl 4     ISSN:  1476-5640     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S150-78     Citation Subset:  IM    
Lifestyle and Cancer Group, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France.
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MeSH Terms
Grant Support
//British Heart Foundation; //Cancer Research UK; //Department of Health; //Medical Research Council; //Wellcome Trust

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