Document Detail


Dietary intakes of flavonols, flavones and isoflavones by Japanese women and the inverse correlation between quercetin intake and plasma LDL cholesterol concentration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10958819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The intake of flavonols, flavones and isoflavones by Japanese women was calculated from our food-phytochemical composition table. The relationship between intake of these phytochemicals and various anthropometric and blood chemistry data was analyzed in a cross-sectional study. The subjects were 115 women volunteers, aged 29-78 y, living in the northern part of Japan. Each subject completed a 3-d dietary record and received a health check up, including urine and blood sampling for biochemical analysis. Total mean intakes of flavonoids (sum of flavonols and flavones) and isoflavones were 16.7 and 47.2 mg/d, respectively. The major source of flavonoids was onions (45.9%) and that of isoflavones was tofu (37.0%). Total intake of isoflavones exceeded that of other dietary antioxidants, such as flavonoids, carotenoids (3.5 mg/d) and vitamin E (8.2 mg/d), and was approximately one half of the vitamin C intake (109 mg/d). The total intake of flavonoids was inversely correlated with the plasma total cholesterol concentration (TC) (r = -0.236, P: < 0.05) and plasma LDL cholesterol concentration (LDL-C) (r = -0.220, P: < 0.05), after the adjustment for age, body mass index and total energy intake. As a single component, quercetin was inversely correlated with both TC (r = -0.261, P: < 0.01) and LDL-C (r = -0. 263, P: < 0.01). Among Japanese, flavonoid and isoflavone intake is the main component among nonnutrient phytochemicals with antioxidant potential in the diet. These results suggest that a high consumption of both flavonoids and isoflavones by Japanese women may contribute to their low incidence of coronary heart disease compared with women in other countries.
Authors:
Y Arai; S Watanabe; M Kimira; K Shimoi; R Mochizuki; N Kinae
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  130     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2000 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-10-03     Completed Date:  2000-10-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2243-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Nutritional Science, Faculty of Applied Bioscience, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Setagaya, Tokyo, 156-8502 Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Anthropometry
Antioxidants / administration & dosage
Ascorbic Acid / administration & dosage
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Cholesterol, LDL / blood*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet
Energy Intake
Female
Flavonoids / administration & dosage*,  pharmacology
Humans
Isoflavones / administration & dosage*,  pharmacology
Japan
Middle Aged
Quercetin / administration & dosage*,  pharmacology
Vitamin E / administration & dosage
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antioxidants; 0/Cholesterol, LDL; 0/Flavonoids; 0/Isoflavones; 117-39-5/Quercetin; 1406-18-4/Vitamin E; 50-81-7/Ascorbic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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