Document Detail

Dietary intake of the water-soluble vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12 and C in 10 countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19888270     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To describe the intake of vitamins thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), B6 (pyridoxine), B12 (cobalamine) and C (ascorbic acid) and their food sources among 27 centres in 10 countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study.
METHODS: Between 1995 and 2000, 36 034 persons aged between 35 and 74 years were administered a standardized 24-h dietary recall using a computerized interview software programme (EPIC-SOFT). Intakes of the four B vitamins and vitamin C were estimated using the standardized EPIC Nutrient Database (ENDB). Mean intakes were adjusted for age and weighted by season and day of recall.
RESULTS: Intake of B vitamins did not vary considerably between centres, except in the UK health-conscious cohort, in which substantially higher intakes of thiamine and lower intakes of vitamin B12 were reported compared with other centres. Overall, meat was the most important contributor to the B vitamins in all centres except in the UK health-conscious group. Vitamin C showed a clear geographical gradient, with higher intakes in the southern centres as compared with the northern ones; this was more pronounced in men than in women. Vegetables and fruits were major contributors to vitamin C in all centres, but juices and potatoes were also important sources in the northern centres.
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed no major differences across centres in the mean intakes of B vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, B6, B12), whereas a tendency towards a north-south gradient was observed for vitamin C.
A Olsen; J Halkjaer; C H van Gils; B Buijsse; H Verhagen; M Jenab; M C Boutron-Ruault; U Ericson; M C Ocké; P H M Peeters; M Touvier; M Niravong; M Waaseth; G Skeie; K T Khaw; R Travis; P Ferrari; M J Sanchez; A Agudo; K Overvad; J Linseisen; C Weikert; C Sacerdote; A Evangelista; D Zylis; K Tsiotas; J Manjer; B van Guelpen; E Riboli; N Slimani; S Bingham
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  63 Suppl 4     ISSN:  1476-5640     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-05     Completed Date:  2010-03-09     Revised Date:  2014-02-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S122-49     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Ascorbic Acid / administration & dosage*
Diet / statistics & numerical data*
Diet Records
Diet Surveys
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Vitamin B Complex / administration & dosage*
Vitamins / administration & dosage*
Grant Support
G0401527//Medical Research Council; //British Heart Foundation; //Cancer Research UK; //Department of Health; //Medical Research Council; //Wellcome Trust
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Vitamins; 12001-76-2/Vitamin B Complex; PQ6CK8PD0R/Ascorbic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Variation in intakes of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron and potassium in 10 countries in the Eu...
Next Document:  Dietary intakes of retinol, beta-carotene, vitamin D and vitamin E in the European Prospective Inves...